This paper presents a comprehensive expert system shell which can deal with both exact and inexact reasoning. A prototype of this proposed shell, code named as SYSTEM Z-IIe, has been implemented successfully. It is a rule-based system which employs fuzzy logic and numbers for its reasoning. Two basic inexact concepts, fuzziness and uncertainty, are both used and distinct from each other clearly in the system. Moreover, these two concepts have been built into two levels for inexact reasoning, i.e. the level of the rules and facts, and the level of the values of the objects of these rules and facts. Other features of Z-IIe include multiple fuzzy propositions in rules and dual fact input mechanisms. It also allows any combinations of fuzzy and normal terms and uncertainties. Fuzzy numeric comparison logic control is also available for the rules and facts. Its natural language interface which uses English with restricted syntax improves the efficiency of knowledge engineering. Z-IIe is also coupled to a Database Management System for supplying facts from existing databases if appropriate. All these features can be combined to build very powerful expert systems and are illustrated by an example.
J. Autom. Reasoning
Fuzzy logic,fuzzy number,inexact reasoning,expert system shell
Neuro-fuzzy,Defuzzification,Fuzzy set operations,Computer science,Model-based reasoning,Artificial intelligence,Fuzzy Control Language,Fuzzy associative matrix,Fuzzy number,Legal expert system