Anisotropic Numerical Potentials For Coarse-Grained Modeling From High-Speed Multidimensional Lookup Table And Interpolation Algorithms
A high-speed numerical potential delivering computational performance comparable with complex coarse-grained analytic potentials makes available models that have greater degrees of physical and chemical accuracy. This opens the possibility of increased accuracy in classical molecular dynamics simulations of anisotropic systems. In this work, we report the development of a high-speed lookup table (LUT) of four-dimensional gridded data, that uses cubic B-spline interpolations to derive off grid values and their associated partial derivatives that are located between the known grid data points. The accuracy of the coarse-grained numerical potential using a LUT from uniaxial Gay-Berne (GB) potential produced array of values is within a 3% and a 5% margin of error respectively for the interpolation of the uniaxial GB potential and its partial derivatives. The numerical potential model and partial derivatives speedup is made competitive with the analytical potential by exploiting graphics processing units on board functionality. The capability of the numerical potential is demonstrated by comparing minimizations of a box of 500 naphthalene molecules. The minimizations using a full atomistic (NAMD/CHARMM force field), a biaxial GB and a numerical potential from a LUT using data from the CHARMM pair potential was done. The numerical potential model is significantly more accurate in its approximation of the atomistic local minimum configuration than is the biaxial GB analytical potential function. This demonstrates that using a numerical potential founded on a direct lookup of the atomistic potential landscape significantly improves coarse grain (CG) modeling of complex molecules, possibly paving the way for accurate anisotropic system CG modeling.
JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY
4D B‐, spline interpolation, anisotropic coarse grain model, graphics processing unit, lookup table, multicore, multidimensional numerical modeling, non‐, analytical functions, parallel computing